The Story of Osteopathy Part Three
Andrew was active in the abolition movement and a friend of the anti-slavery leaders John Brown and James H. Lane. He became deeply involved in the fight over whether Kansas would be admitted to the Union as a slave state or a free state. The Kansas–Nebraska Act of 1854 provided that the settlers in those two territories would decide the question for themselves. Civil war raged in Kansas as both sides tried to gain control of the territorial government. In October 1857, Andrew was elected to represent Douglas and Johnson counties in the Kansas territorial legislature. Andrew and his brothers took up arms in the cause and participated in the Bleeding Kansas battles (between the pro and anti-slavery citizens). By August 1858, a free-state constitution had been passed; Kansas was admitted to the Union as a free state on January 29, 1861. Andrew would serve a total of five years in the Kansas legislature. Andrew and his family were among the founders of Baker University, the first 4-year university in the state of Kansas. Abram was a commissioner, Andrew and two brothers donated land and helped build the university. The university later refused to let Andrew present his ideas about osteopathy, which he found hurtful. In 1859 Mary Margaret died two months after giving birth. The baby had lived only five days. She had previously lost another child in infancy. She left Andrew with four children. In 1860, Andrew married his second wife, Mary Elvira Turner. They were together until she passed away 50 years later.